Swedish Vikings: Who Were the Rus?

Share 21k shares Researchers from Uppsala University in Sweden working to recreate textile patterns found in Viking woven bands made the discovery. It is also possible that the Vikings fetched glass goods directly from the region, rather than waiting for them to make their way north via trade networks. Ancient texts mention trades taking place between the Vikings and members of the Islamic civilisation, which stretched from the Mediterranean to West Asia. Viking expeditions are said to have extended from Western Europe to Central Asia. It is from here that sources indicate the extent to which the Vikings had contact with the Muslim World during ancient times. Though the Vikings had sacked several cities in Western and Eastern Europe, historians outline that it was in Muslim ruled lands, that the Vikings found ’emporiums beyond their wildest dreams’, according to Muslim Heritage. Historians in Baghdad and other regions of the Muslim world gave the Vikings a reputation of being ‘merchant warriors whose primary focus was on trades. Analyses of materials, weaving techniques and design suggest ancient Persian and Central Asian origins.

Swedish Snus

Sweden in the 9th century. In Germania 44, 45 he mentions the Swedes Suiones as a powerful tribe distinguished not merely for their arms and men, but for their powerful fleets with ships that had a prow in both ends longships. Which kings kuningaz ruled these Suiones is unknown, but Norse mythology presents a long line of legendary and semi-legendary kings going back to the last centuries BC. As for literacy in Sweden itself, the runic script was in use among the south Scandinavian elite by at least the 2nd century AD, but all that has survived from the Roman Period is curt inscriptions on artefacts, mainly of male names, demonstrating that the people of south Scandinavia spoke Proto-Norse at the time, a language ancestral to Swedish and other North Germanic languages.

In the 6th century Jordanes named two tribes, which he calls the Suehans and the Suetidi, who lived in Scandza.

This period was marked by a slow progression of sovereignty among the Danes, a people who originated in Skaane today the southern part of Sweden but eventually were based in Jutland.

Pin It As I explained in my previous blog about the difference between the Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish Vikings , we know the most about the Danes because of the breadth of primary sources written about them by Frankish and English Chroniclers. Yet for all we know about the Danes, there is far less information on their Swedish cousins called the Rus who, despite how little we know about them at the outset of the Viking Age, left an incredible legacy for themselves in Eastern Europe.

Here I will briefly overview what we know about the Swedish Vikings who were called the Rus, and the narrative, as best we know it, about their early activities across the vast lands that are today Russia, Ukraine, Bulgaria, and even Turkey. Primary sources for the early societal structure, culture, and activities of the Rus are practically non-existant. They did not leave any writings behind for us to find, and until the embassy of the missionary Anskar to Birka in the mid-9th century, primary sources are devoid of any substantive information about them.

The Rus were, as far as we can tell, as active in raiding and foreign trading as the Danes, if not more. The people they attacked—chiefly those in Finland, then Slavs further east—were not literate like those the Danes terrorized, which further explains why sources are so sparse about their early activities. The earliest mention of the people called the Rus traveling outside of Sweden may be found in the Annals of Saint Bertin in which it is written that a group of traveling Rus visited the court of Louis the Pious, emperor of the Carolingian Empire, as part of a larger group of envoys from the Byzantine Empire.

We do not know if they were allowed to return home, or worse, executed.

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Audiences are good at figuring out which elements of a work are on which side of the Fourth Wall. No explanation is necessary for why our hero can hear a ringing telephone but not the movie’s soundtrack, or why the space ship is menaced by the Negative Space Wedgie , but not by the opening credits drifting by outside the ship: It’s also a wonderful thing to play with, and that is what Medium Awareness does; the characters acknowledge and interact with elements and conventions of the medium that shouldn’t technically “exist” in-universe.

Suddenly the characters can hear the ominous background music or the disembodied narration, they can read the subtitles at the bottom of your screen, and they can tell when it’s almost time for a commercial break. Generally, this awareness is brief; it’s used for a joke or two and then never mentioned again. Used this way, it’s Lampshade Hanging as applied to Paratext.

Danes are not great believers in God; therefore, practices concerning death, the deceased, funerals, and the afterlife are handled in a rational and practical manner.

Strobel, Lee Easter Easter is the holiday that celebrates and commemorates the central event of the Christian faith: Easter is the oldest Christian holiday and the most important day of the church year. All the Christian movable feasts and the entire liturgical year of worship are arranged around Easter. Easter is preceded by the season of Lent, a day period of fasting and repentance culminating in Holy Week, and followed by a day Easter Season that stretches from Easter to Pentecost.

The German word Ostern has the same derivation. Non-Anglo-Saxon languages follow the Greek term used by the early Christians: Put as simply as possible, the Western churches Catholic and Protestant celebrate Easter on the first Sunday following the first full moon after the spring equinox. But it is actually a bit more complicated than this.

The spring equinox is fixed for this purpose as March 21 and the “full moon” is actually the paschal moon, which is based on year “paschal cycles” established in the sixth century, and rarely corresponds to the astronomical full moon. These complex calculations yield an Easter date of anywhere between March 22 and April

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Or so say a good number of comedy shows. The jokes practically write themselves; foreigners mangle the language especially idioms in funny ways , they are ignorant of customs in the show’s home country, and they have their own bizarre little customs that make no sense. They will either be unsure of themselves, or more frequently totally oblivious to how odd everybody finds them. This is incredibly old, probably dating back to when cavemen joked about people in the cave down the field. The Funny Foreigner is a Cyclic Trope.

Imported fruit, vegetables, and spices are also common.

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Well why wait, here is my address? If there are any beautiful Swedish girls out there that would like to meet a charming, polite, educated, bold and exciting American please email me at newyorkfashiondesigner yahoo. April 27, at I am as swedish as we get and I do not want my guys to buy me things and pay for dinner. That makes me feel like I owe them something, which is very uncomfortable if you try to date someone.

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This introduces an interesting but obscure chapter in history, straddling Spain and France and consequently tending to be left by treatments of Spain to French history, and by treatments of France to Spanish history. Not all of it was ultimately retained by Spain, but readily accessible sources don’t seem to show either the difference between the old and new boundaries or what happened to the rulers of Navarre after the annexation — the table at right picks up at that point.

This seems like a grave oversight for the history of France. The history of Navarre is obscure enough that I found the full genealogy only with recourse to a succession of more serious and complete sources. Family trees for the Bourbons, such as given here , almost never go back further than the father, Henry, of Henry IV’s mother Jeanne.

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We do not like to interrupt the one who speaks, and it is also true that we probably unconsciously seek consensus in a conversation. Although we may disagree with some of the things the other person says, we avoid open confrontation with strangers. In that case, it is OK to step over the invisible line. In the company of strangers most of us feel inclined to talk, so maybe that is why Swedes are considered to be socially closed.

There are some unwritten laws that apply to this. It is better to look at anything else.

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